经典美文背诵连载一 The Language of Music
01 The Language of Music
A painter hangs his or her finished picture on a wall, and everyone can see
A composer writes a work, but no one can hear it until it is performed.
Professional singers and players have great responsibilities, for the composer
is utterly dependent on them. A student of music needs as long and as arduous a
training to become a performer as a medical student needs to become a doctor.
Most training is concerned with technique, for musicians have to have the
muscular proficiency of an athlete or a ballet dancer.
Singers practice breathing every day, as their vocal chords would be
inadequate without controlled muscular support. String players practice moving
the fingers of the left hand up and down, while drawing the bow to and fro with
the right arm -- two entirely different movements.
Singers and instrumentalists have to be able to get every note perfectly in
tune. Pianists are spared this particular anxiety, for the notes are already
there, waiting for them, and it is the piano tuner's responsibility to tune the
instrument for them. But they have their own difficulties: the hammers that hit
the strings have to be coaxed not to sound like percussion, and each overlapping
tone has to sound clear.
This problem of getting clear texture is one that confronts student
conductors: they have to learn to know every note of the music and how it should
sound, and they have to aim at controlling these sounds with fanatical but
Technique is of no use unless it is combined with musical knowledge and
understanding. Great artists are those who are so thoroughly at home in the
language of music that they can enjoy performing works written in any century.
一名学音乐的学生要想成为 一名演奏者，需要经受长期的、严格的训练，就象一名医科的学生要成为一名医生一样。 绝 大多数的训练是技巧性的。
音乐家们控制肌肉的熟练程度，必须达到与运动员或巴蕾舞演 员相当的水平。 歌手们每天都练习吊嗓子，因为如果不能有效地控制肌肉的话，他们的声
右手前后拉动琴弓--两个截然不同的动作。歌手和乐器演奏者必须使所有的音符完全相同协 调。 钢琴家们则不用操这份心，因为每个音符都已在那里等待着他们了。
给钢琴调音是调音师的职责。 但调音师们也有他们的难处： 他们必须耐心地调理敲击琴弦的音锤，不能让
艺术家之所以伟大在于他们对音乐语言驾轻就熟，以致于 可以满怀喜悦地演出写于任何时代的作品。 (来源：英语麦当劳－英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)