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Word for the Wise April 18, 2007 Broadcast Topic: Compatriot, patriot & patrioteer

Back on this date in 1775, the grown son of a Huguenot immigrant (who had been born Appollo Rivoire but who had anglicized his name well before the birth of his son) went for a late-night ride. (来源:EnglishCN.com)

More than a century after Rivoire's death—and decades after the death of the midnight rider named for his father—that trip was immortalized in a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

Despite taking liberties with a few details and getting just plain wrong a number of facts, Longfellow turned the silversmithing rabblerousing former-and-future artilleryman into a legend with his classic and catchy Paul Revere's Ride.

To mark the occasion of that historic ride, listen carefully and you shall hear as we look at the progression of compatriot to patriot to patrioteer.

Compatriot, which has ancestors in the Latin com meaning "with, jointly" plus the Late Latin patriota meaning "fellow countryman," is used for a person born, residing, or holding citizenship in the same country as another. Patriot refers to one who loves his or her country and supports its authority and interests. Finally, there's patrioteer, a far less common (or positive) term than either compatriot or patriot. A patrioteer is an insincere, misguided, or spurious patriot, one who makes an ostentatious show of patriotism from venal or degraded motives; or a flag-waver.

 
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