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一.本课要点及示例

今天我们要练习两个词组, 一个是 used to, u-s-e-d t-o, used to, 另外一个是动词 加上 to, t-o, to 再加上动词, 也就是 like to do 和 want to go 等等的动词短语. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

首先请你听一段对话, 内容是说 Henry 跟他表妹 Susan 在谈做运动. 我们先把 这段对话用正常速度念一遍, 请你注意正确的发音跟语调的抑扬顿挫. (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

M: Susan, what do you do for exercise?

(来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: I go swimming once a week.

(来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

M: I used to swim in high school, but I don't have time anymore. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: That's too bad. Exercise is really important.

M: I know. I'm getting a little fat. I didn't use to be this heavy.

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

F: Well, I'm going swimming tonight. Do you want to go with me? (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Okay. I really need to get in shape again.

现在我们把这段对话用慢速度再念一遍, 请注意听.

(来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

M: Susan, what do you do for exercise? (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

F: I go swimming once a week.

(来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

M: I used to swim in high school, but I don't have time anymore.

(来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: That's too bad. Exercise is really important. (来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

M: I know. I'm getting a little fat. I didn't use to be this heavy.

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

F: Well, I'm going swimming tonight. Do you want to go with me?

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

M: Okay. I really need to get in shape again.

现在我们把刚才那段会话里包含了今天要学的语法, 也就是有 used to 跟有动 词加上 to 再加上动词的句子挑出来用慢速度再念一遍给你听. (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

M: I used to swim in high school. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: I didn't use to be this heavy. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Do you want to go with me? (来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

M: I really need to get in shape again.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

二. USED TO

(来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

首先我们练习 used to 的用法. 这个词组是表示过去常常做一件事而现在不再 做了. (来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

下面我们用 used to 跟在上一课里学过的字作句子; 每个句子念两遍, 请你注意 听, 同时, 在念第二遍的时候也请你跟着说. (来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Henry used to wear old gloves.

(来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Henry used to wear old gloves.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: He used to sit next to me in school. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: He used to sit next to me in school.

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan used to drink a lot of milk.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Susan used to drink a lot of milk. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: She used to live far from the store. (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: She used to live far from the store. (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

M: Henry and Kate used to go to small parties. (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Henry and Kate used to go to small parties.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: They used to go out to eat. (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: They used to go out to eat. (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

下面我们来作换字练习. 先由老师念一个有 used to 这个词组的句子, 接着老师 念一个短语, 学生就把这个短语换进句子里. 现在先举个例子:

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

M: I used to swim in high school.

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: to play basketball (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: I used to play basketball in high school.

(来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

好, 现在我们开始. 在学生做练习的时候, 请你也一起做.

(来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: I used to swim in high school.

M: to play basketball (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

F: I used to play basketball in high school. (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

M: to play volleyball (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: I used to play volleyball in high school.

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: to exercise (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

F: I used to exercise in high school. (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

M: to run

(来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

F: I used to run in high school.

好了, 现在我们看一看怎么样把 He used to swim in high school. 变成问句. 在把 这个句子变成问句的时候必须用did, d-i-d, did 开头,于是这句话就变成了Did he use to swim in high school? 再举一个例子: 把 She used to exercise in high school. 这句话变成问句, 就要这样说: Did she use to exercise in high school? (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

现在我们来做练习. 由老师念一个有 used to 这个词组的句子,叫学生把这些句 子改为问句. 现在请你注意听. (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

M: He used to swim in high school.

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

F: Did he use to swim in high school?

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

M: She used to play basketball in high school. (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Did she use to play basketball in high school? (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: You used to play volleyball in high school.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Did you use to play volleyball in high school?

M: They used to exercise in high school.

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

F: Did they use to exercise in high school? (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

M: Henry used to run in high school. (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

F: Did Henry use to run in high school?

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

现在我们换一个方法作练习.由老师念一个句子,请你用where, w-h-e-r-e, where 这个字, 把句子改成问句. 首先还是举个例子: (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: He used to swim in a river.

(来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Where did he use to swim?

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

好, 现在我们正式开始. 在你把句子改为问句之后, 请听正确答案.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: He used to swim in a river.

(来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Where did he use to swim? (来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

M: She used to work in the factory. (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Where did she use to work?

(来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

M: They used to play volleyball in their backyard.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Where did they use to play volleyball? (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan used to run in the park.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Where did Susan use to run?

(来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

现在我们再换一个方式来做练习. 先由老师用 when, w-h-e-n, when这个字, 问一 个有 used to 这个词组的问句, 接着老师提出一个说明时间的词组, 请你用时间 词组来回答问题. 首先举个例子: (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: When did he use to get up? (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

M: at seven o'clock (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: He used to get up at seven o'clock.

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

现在我们正式开始. 在你回答之后, 还是请你听我们的正确答案.

(来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

M: When did he use to get up?

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

M: at seven o'clock (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: He used to get up at seven o'clock. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: When did she use to have a lot of time?

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: after school (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: She used to have a lot of time after school.

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: When did they use to go to soccer games?

(来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

M: on Sundays

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

F: They used to go to soccer games on Sundays. (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

M: When did Kate use to have a vacation? (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

M: in the summer (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

F: Kate used to have a vacation in the summer. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

三.动词 + TO + 动词

(来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

刚才我们练习了怎么用 used to 这个词组, 现在我们来学习动词加上 to, t-o, to 再加上动词的用法. 首先请你听一个句子: I like to play volleyball. 这个句子有 两个动词like 和play. 这两个动词是由 to, 这个字联在一起的, to play volleyball 就是 like 这个动词的宾语. 再举一个例子: She likes to listen to music. 这个句子 的宾语就是 to listen to music.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

现在我们来练习这类句子. 练习的内容都是说亨利到了周未喜欢在家做些什么. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

每个句子我们念两遍, 在念第二遍的时候请你跟着念. (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

M: Henry likes to eat at home on weekends.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Henry likes to eat at home on weekends.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Henry likes to cook his own dinner on weekends. (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Henry likes to cook his own dinner on weekends. (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

M: Henry likes to make fancy dishes on weekends.

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

F: Henry likes to make fancy dishes on weekends. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Henry likes to invite friends on weekends. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Henry likes to invite friends on weekends.

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

除了 like 这个动词, 其他动词, 比方: love, l-o-v-e, love, want, w-a-n-t, want, plan, p-l-a-n, plan, try, t-r-y, try, need, n-e-e-d, need, prefer, p-r-e-f-e-r, prefer, 都可以这样用. 现在我们用这些动词来作换字练习. 首先举个例子:

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan loves to exercise. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

M: wants to play tennis

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Susan wants to play tennis. (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

好, 现在我们开始. 在你回答之后, 请注意听正确答案. (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

M: Susan loves to exercise.

(来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

M: wants to play tennis (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Susan wants to play tennis.

M: plans to go swimming (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

F: Susan plans to go swimming.

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: tries to run very fast

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

F: Susan tries to run very fast.

(来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

M: needs to study hard (来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Susan needs to study hard.

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

M: prefers to travel by train.

(来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: Susan prefers to travel by train. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

下面我们换一个方式作练习. 先由老师念一个陈述句, 叫学生改为问句. 请你 注意, 改为问句的时候必须要用 does, d-o-e-s, does. 现在请你注意听. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan loves to exercise.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Does Susan love to exercise?

(来源:英语麦当劳 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan wants to play tennis.

(来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

F: Does Susan want to play tennis?

(来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

M: Susan plans to go swimming. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: Does Susan plan to go swimming? (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan tries to run very fast. (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

F: Does Susan try to run very fast? (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan needs to study hard.

F: Does Susan need to study hard? (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

M: Susan prefers to travel by train.

(来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

F: Does Susan prefer to travel by train?

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

在下面一组练习里, 由老师念一些句子, 请你用what, w-h-a-t, what 这个字把原来 的句子改为问句, 然后请你听正确答案. (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

M: Henry loves to cook his own dinner.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: What does Henry love to cook? (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

M: Henry likes to make fancy dishes. (来源:英语博客 http://space.englishcn.com)

F: What does Henry like to make?

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan wants to play tennis. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: What does Susan want to play? (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

M: Susan needs to study for test.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

F: What does Susan need to study for? (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Kate plans to buy a dress. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

F: What does Kate plan to buy? (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

M: Kate prefers to have a small party. (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: What does Kate prefer to have? (来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

四. 听短文回答问题 (来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

现在我们来测验一下你的听力.首先请你听一段文章,内容是说亨利一家人怎么 旅行, 谈到了坐火车有什么好处.

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

好, 现在请你注意听. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

Henry used to travel by train. Nowadays there are fewer trains and Henry, like most people, prefers to travel by car. Henry's wife, Kate, however, still likes to travel by train. She wants to relax and she doesn't need to worry about gas, repairs, or parking when traveling by train. Henry's cousin, Susan, and her parents live in New York. They take the train to their jobs everyday. They travel by train because they don't like to drive in city traffic. (来源:英语交友 http://friends.englishcn.com)

刚才那段文章不知道你听懂了多少? 等一会儿, 我们再用慢速度给你念一遍. (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

现在请你注意听我们要测验的三个问题.

(来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

第一个问题是:

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

M: How did Henry use to travel? (来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

第二个问题是: (来源:英语麦当劳www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Does Kate still like to travel by train? (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

第三个问题是: (来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

M: Why do Susan and her parents take the train to their jobs?

(来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

好了,现在我们用慢速度再把文章念一遍,请你特别注意刚才那三个问题的答案.

(来源:EnglishCN英语博客基地)

Henry used to travel by train. Nowadays there are fewer trains and Henry, like most people, prefers to travel by car. Henry's wife, Kate, however, still likes to travel by train. She wants to relax and she doesn't need to worry about gas, repairs, or parking when traveling by train. Henry's cousin, Susan, and her parents live in New York. They take the train to their jobs everyday. They travel by train because they don't like to drive in city traffic. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

好了, 现在请你回答今天测验的三个问题. 在回答之后, 请你注意听正确答案. (来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

下面是第一个问题.

(来源:英语聊天室 http://chat.EnglishCN.com)

M: How did Henry use to travel? (来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

F: He used to travel by train. (来源:英语麦当劳-英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

现在请回答第二个问题:

(来源:专业英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

M: Does Kate still like to travel by train? (来源:EnglishCN英语问答中心[e问e答])

F: Yes,she still likes to travel by train.

第三个问题比较长, 请你注意听:

(来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

M: Why do Susan and her parents take the train to their jobs? (来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)

F: They take the train because they don't like to drive in city traffic. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)