(一)词汇的搭配:动词与介词:accuse sb. of sth.(控告……犯有……); object to sth. or doing sth.;动词与副词:take sth. seriously(重视)；形容词与名词:common flo wers;形容词与介词:superior to;介词与形容词或名词所构成的固定搭配:in brief(简短地)、on one"s own(独自地;独立地)、in relation to (关系到);动词与名词构成的成语:take pains(尽力,煞费苦心),等。
(三)近义词的辨异:damage -- break -- destroy -- ruin; wound -- injure -- hurt; deliberately -- on purpose; comply with -- conform to; agree -- consent -- approve等。
(四)习语的含义和用法:without question (二话不说地)--beyond question(毫无疑问)--out of the question (不可能); in brief(简短地;总之)--in short (总之); first of all (首先)--above all (最重要的); on the other hand(另一方面)--on the contrary (相反); not to speak of (更不用说)--to say nothing of(更谈不上)--not to mention--let alone--much less等。
Too much to X?rays can cause skin burns, cancer or other damage to the body.
A. disclosure B. exhibition C. contact D. exposure
应选D. exposure。exposure to sth.暴露于……。
A man has to make for his old age by putting aside enough money to live on when old.
A. supply B. assurance C. provision D. adjustment
应选C. provision。make provision for sth.(为未来的好事或坏事)作好准备。
When travelling, you are advised to take travellers" checks, which provide a secure to carrying your money in cash.
A. substitute B. selection C. preference D. alternative
应选D. alternative。alternative n.二者之中的另一个选择。substitute n.代用品。selection作不可数名词用，意为"选择，挑选，淘汰"；作可数名词用，意为"选集，供选择物"。preference宁愿，优先选择。可见，所给的选择项为易混淆词。本题强调相对于携带现金来说的一种可靠选择，故应选D. alternative。
A of the long report by the budget committee was submitted to the mayor for approval.
A. shorthand B. scheme C. schedule D. sketch
As a defence against air?pollution damage, many plants and animals a substance to absorb harmful chemicals.
A. relieve B. release C. dismiss D. discard
应选B. release。release(=set free)释放。
In that country, guests tend to feel they are not highly if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date.
A. admired B. regarded C. expected D. worshipped
应选B. regarded。regard sb.／sth. highly尊重(某人)，重视(某事)，例如：1) His work is highly regarded by other painters. (其他画家对他的作品评价很高。)2) We all regard him highly.(我们大家都很尊重他。)
John complained to the book seller that there were several pages in the dictionary.
A. missing B. losing C. dropping D. leaking
It is strictly that access to confidential documents is denied to all but a few.
A. secured B. forbidden C. regulated D. determined
To survive in the intense trade competition between countries, we must the qualities and varieties of products we make to the world?market demand.
A. improve B. enhance C. guarantee D. gear
If any man here does not agree with me, he should his own plan for improving the living conditions of these people.
A. put on B. put out C. put in D. put forward
应选D. put forward。put forward sth.提出……。
The news item about the fire is followed by a detailed report made .
A. on the spot B. on the site C. on the location D. on the ground
应选A. on the spot。on the spot当场,在现场。
The farmers were more anxious for rain than the people in the city because they had more at .
A.danger B. stake C. loss D. threat
应选B. stake。at stake利害攸关。本题译文：农民比城里人更渴望下雨，因为他们与雨水更加厉害攸关。
The supervisor didn"t have time so far to gosintosit , but he gave us an idea about his plan.
A. at hand B. in turn C. in conclusion D. at length
应选D. at length。at length详细地；at hand在手边，在附近；in turn依次，in conclusion最后，总之。
The pollution question, as well as several other issues, is going to be discussed when the congress is in again next spring.
A. assembly B. session C. conference D. convention
应选B. session。be in session(正在)开会。
The discussion was so prolonged and exhausting that the speakers stopped for refreshments.
A. at large B. at intervals C. at ease D. at random
应选B. at intervals。at intervals不时，时时；at large一般，大体上；逍遥法外；at ease稍息；at random随机地，任意地。
As your instructor advised, you ought to spend your time on something researching into.
A. precious B. worth C. worthy D. valuable
应选B. worth。(be) worth doing值得做。如: The book is worth reading.
We should always keep in mind that decisions often lead to bitter regrets.
A. urgent B. hasty C. instant D. prompt
I never trusted him because I always thought of him as such a character.
A. gracious B. suspicious C. unique D. particular
应选B. suspicious。suspicious可疑的。但suspicious作表语时，意为"对……疑心"，后常接介词of，如：The dog is suspicious of strangers.那狗对陌生人怀有疑心。
While typing, Helen has a habit of stopping to give her long and flowing hair a smooth.
A. occasionally B. simultaneously C. eventually D. promptly
应选A. occasionally。occasionally(=now and then, at times)偶然地,间或。
Your advice would be valuable to him, who is at present at his wit"s end.
A. exceedingly B. excessively C. extensively D. exclusively
应选A. exceedingly。exceedingly非常；excessively过分地；extensively广泛地；exclusively只是。at one"s wit"s end智穷计尽。
Language, culture, and personality may be considered of each other in thought, but they are inseparable in fact.
A. indistinctly B. separately C. irrelevantly D. independently
应选D. independently。independently of独立地。本题译文：人们认为语言、文化和个性在思想上是相互独立的，但实际上是不可分割的。