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We get to working after a short rest. 我们歇息了一会儿后就开始干起活来。
He got to wondering why he was in the job.
他对自己为什么会从事这份工作感到诧异。
8.  We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. (P22)我们想年轻人应该看起来漂亮潇洒,因此我们想穿自己的衣服。
(1)形容词smart意为“聪明的,机敏的,精明的”,相当于clever。
The dolphin is a smart animal. 海豚是聪明的动物。
He looks very smart in his suit. 他穿上他的西装看起来很帅气。
(2)would like意为“想要”,相当于want,后面接名词或动词不定式。
I would like a cup of coffee. 我想要杯咖啡。
I didn’t want to go to the cinema. I would like to stay at home.
我不想去看电影,我想呆在家里。
◎ would like sb to do sth表示“想要某人做某事”。
I’d like you to help me with my homework. 我想要你帮助我做家庭作业。
特别提示
feel like也可以译为“想要”,有时可以与would like替换;其后接名词或动词的-ing形式。
She feels like a good meal. 她想美美地吃一顿。
I feel like seeing a film tonight. 我今晚想去看电影。
9.  Our teachers believe that if we did that, we would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. (P22)我们老师相信,如果我们那样做了,我们就会将注意力更多地集中在服装上,而不是学习上。
(1)believe是及物动词,意为“相信”,其后可跟名词或从句。
I don’t believe his story. 我不相信他的故事。
I believe he told us the truth. 我认为他告诉我们的是真的。
◎believe in表示“信任”(即trust)。
She doesn’t believe in God. 她不信奉上帝。
(2)在that if...的句中,that放在believe后面用来引导一个宾语从句,而if则在宾语从句中引导一个条件状语从句,we would...则是宾语从句中的主句。
We are sure that if they come on time, they won’t be in the rain. (来源:英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)
我们都确信,如果他们准时到的话,就不会被雨淋了。
(3)动词concentrate常常构成concentrate(...)on sth,表示“专心致志(于某件事),精神集中,全神贯注(做某事)”。
I can’t concentrate on my work when I’m hungry. 我饿了就无法集中精力工作。
We must concentrate our attention on efficiency. 我们必须把注意力集中在效率上。
10.  I know we get noisy sometimes, but we learn a lot from each other. (P22)我知道我们有时很吵,但是我们相互之间可以学到很多东西。
(1)本句中的learn...from意为“向……学习”。
We used to learn English from Da Shan. 我们以前常常跟大山学英语。
He never learns from his mistakes. 他从来不从错误中吸取教训。
◎learn to do sth“学习,学会做某事”。
I’m learning to keep rabbits. 我正学着养兔子。
How did Bill Gates learn to work out a software programme?
比尔·盖茨是怎样学会设计软件程序的?
短语链语
learn of“听到”,“获悉”。
He learned of the accident just now. 他刚才听到事故的消息。
(2)each other意为“互相”,通常指两者之间,在句中用作宾语、定语等;而one another意为“互相”,用来指两个以上的人或事物的相互关系。
You and I understand each other perfectly. 你我彼此很了解。
The two girls often help each other in their lessons.
这两个女孩经常在功课上互相帮助。
特别提示
在现代英语中,each other和one another在用法上没有什么区别,一般认为each other多用于非正式文体;而one another多用于较正式文体。
11.  Last summer I had an opportunity to volunteer at the local hospital. (P22)去年夏天,我有机会在一家当地医院做志愿者。
(1)本句中的volunteer是动词,表示“自愿做某事,当志愿者”等意思。
Thousands of men volunteered when the war broke out.
战争爆发时,成千上万的人当了志愿兵。
We volunteered to raise the money. 我们志愿募捐。
特别提示
volunteer作名词时表示“自愿做工或无偿做工的人,志愿者”。
This work costs us nothing. It’s all done by volunteers. 这项工作我们没有花一点钱,全是由志愿人员完成的。
(2)local是形容词,意为“本地的,地方的”,在句中用作定语。
Following the national news we have the local news and weather.
国内新闻之后是本地新闻和天气预报。
She’s a local girl. 她是本地姑娘。
特别提示
local用作名词时,通常用复数形式,意思是“本地人,当地人”。
The locals like to visit friends on weekends. 当地人喜欢周末访友。
12.  I would like to reply to the article “Helping and Learning” in your last newsletter. (P23)我想回答你们上期简讯上“帮与学”这篇文章中的问题。
(1)本句中的reply意为“回答,应答”,一般只用作不及物动词,后面与to连用,表示“回答别人的问题、话语、信件等”。
He didn’t reply to my letter. 他没有给我回信。
How can you reply to my questions? 你如何回答我的问题呢?
特别提示
reply严格地说是经过深思熟虑后,一一答复对方的问题或观点,故当以answer表示像answer the telephone这样一般性的应答时,不能用reply代替。
(2)in your last newsletter是介词短语,在句中用作定语,修饰article。
13.  “I know my parents care about me,” he says. (P24)“我知道父母关心我,”他说。
 
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