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最小的国家梵蒂冈



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Size is not a criterion in our definition of what constitutes a country. A country need only be an independent state, with distinct territorial boundaries, and its own government. This is a true blessing for Vatican City, as, weighing in at a mere 0.17 miles, it holds the title of being the smallest country in the world.

Prior to 1870, however, political control by papal governments in central Italy spanned approximately 16.000 square miles. In 1870, the Kingdom of Italy, in a shift of political power, established Rome as the national capital of Italy, wrested political power from the papal governments, and absorbed the so-called "Papal States" into its territory.

A 1929 Agreement hammered out by the Italian government and the Pope, established Vatican City as a country... all 0.17 square miles of it! Gradually the country has gained recognition as such, by establishing diplomatic ties with other countries, and by receiving dignitaries from other nations.
Vatican City is the official seat of the Catholic Church, and its head, the Pope, rules through a civil governor. As with any other country, this miniature country sports its own flag, coins its own coins, runs its own postal, transportation, telephone systems, and radio broadcasting station. Vatican City is all grown up.
This pint-size powerhouse of a country primarily supports itself through contributions from Catholics around the world, and through tourism. Safely ensconced within Vatican City lie some of the worlds' most precious of treasures; the Gardens, St. Peter's Basilica, and the Vatican Palace, which houses the Vatican Library, and...the Pope himself.


最小的国家梵蒂冈 (来源:英语学习门户 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

面积大小不是定义一个国家的标准。国家只需要是个独立的国家,有明确的领土边界,有自己的政府。这对梵蒂冈来说可是个大好事!梵蒂冈面积只有0.17平方英里,因此它具有世界上最小国家的称号。

1870年以前,意大利中部,教皇统治着政府,教皇的政治势力差不多延伸达1,600平方英里。1870年,在一次政权转移中,意大利王国将罗马定为意大利的国家首都,从教皇政府中夺过政权,将所谓的罗马“教皇国”列入自己的版图。

1929年,意大利政府和罗马教皇签署了一项协定,将梵蒂冈城建立为国家。其面积总共只有0.17英里!通过与其他国家建立外交关系,接见其他国家派来的公使,梵蒂冈逐步地得到承认。

梵蒂冈城是天主教教廷的官方所在地,其首领为教皇,教皇通过行政长官实行统治。跟任何其他国家一样,这样一个袖珍小国挂自己的国旗,铸造自己的硬币,经营自己的邮政、交通、电话系统和无线电广播电台。梵蒂冈城可谓是“麻雀虽小,肝胆俱全”!

这样一个小不点儿国家却拥有强大的权力。它是靠全世界天主教机构的进贡及旅游业养活自己的。梵蒂冈城拥有部分世界最珍贵的宝藏:古希腊伊壁鸠鲁学派遗址、圣彼得长方形大教堂及梵蒂冈宫殿,宫殿内有梵蒂冈图书馆以及…….教皇本人。
 
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