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(1)Increased cooperation with China is in the interests of the United States. (来源:最老牌的英语学习网站 http://www.EnglishCN.com)

同中国加强合作,符合美国的利益。 (在主谓连接处拆译)

(2)I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality for which the Chinese people are justly famous throughout the world.

我要感谢你们无与伦比的盛情款待。中国人民正是以这种热情好客而闻明世界的。(在定语从句前拆译)

(3)This is particularly true of the countries of the commonwealth, who see Britain’s membership of the Community a guarantee that the policies of the community will take their interests into account

英联邦各国尤其如此,它们认为英国加入欧共体,将能保证欧共体的政策照顾到它们的利益。(在定语从句前拆译)

(4)中国是个大国,百分之八十的人口从事农业,但耕地只占土地面积的十分之一,其余为山脉、森林、城镇和其他用地。

China is a large country with four-fifths of the population engaged in agriculture, but only one tenth of the land is farmland, the rest being mountains, forests and places for urban and other uses.(合译)

5.正译法和反译法:

这两种方法通常用于汉译英,偶尔也用于英译汉。所谓正译,是指把句子按照与汉语相同的语序或表达方式译成英语。所谓反译则是指把句子按照与汉语相反的语序或表达方式译成英语。正译与反译常常具有同义的效果,但反译往往更符合英语的思维方式和表达习惯。因此比较地道。如:

(1)在美国,人人都能买到枪。

In the United States, everyone can buy a gun.(正译)

In the United States, guns are available to everyone.(反译)

(2)你可以从因特网上获得这一信息。

You can obtain this information on the Internet.(正译)

This information is accessible/available on the Internet.(反译)

(3)他突然想到了一个新主意。

Suddenly he had a new idea.(正译)

He suddenly thought out a new idea.(正译)

A new idea suddenly occurred to/struck him.(反译)

(4)他仍然没有弄懂我的意思。

He still could not understand me.(正译)

Still he failed to understand me.(反译)

(5)无论如何,她算不上一位思维敏捷的学生。

She can hardly be rated as a bright student.(正译)

She is anything but a bright student.(反译)

(6)Please withhold the document for the time being.

6.倒置法:

在汉语中,定语修饰语和状语修饰语往往位于被修饰语之前;在英语中,许多修饰语常常位于被修饰语之后,因此翻译时往往要把原文的语序颠倒过来。倒置法通常用于英译汉,即对英语长句按照汉语的习惯表达法进行前后调换,按意群或进行全部倒置,原则是使汉语译句安排符合现代汉语论理叙事的一般逻辑顺序。有时倒置法也用于汉译英。如:

(1)At this moment, through the wonder of telecommunications, more people are seeing and hearing what we say than on any other occasions in the whole history of the world.

此时此刻,通过现代通信手段的奇迹,看到和听到我们讲话的人比整个世界历史上任何其他这样的场合都要多。(部分倒置)

(2)I believe strongly that it is in the interest of my countrymen that Britain should remain an active and energetic member of the European Community.

我坚信,英国依然应该是欧共体中的一个积极的和充满活力的成员,这是符合我国人民利益的。(部分倒置)

(3)改革开放以来,中国发生了巨大的变化。

Great changes have taken place in China since the introduction of the reform and opening policy.

7.包孕法:

这种方法多用于英译汉。所谓包孕是指在把英语长句译成汉语时,把英语后置成分按照汉语的正常语序放在中心词之前,使修饰成分在汉语句中形成前置包孕。但修饰成分不宜过长,否则会形成拖沓或造成汉语句子成分在连接上的纠葛。如:

(1)You are the representative of a country and of a continent to which China feels particularly close.您是一位来自于使中国倍感亲切的国家和大洲的代表。

(2)What brings us together is that we have common interests which transcend those differences.使我们走到一起的,是我们有超越这些分歧的共同利益。

8.插入法:

指把难以处理的句子成分用破折号、括号或前后逗号插入译句中。这种方法主要用于笔译中。偶尔也用于口译中,即用同位语、插入语或定语从句来处理一些解释性成分。如:

如果说宣布收回香港就会像夫人说的“带来灾难性的影响”,那我们要勇敢地面对这个灾难,做出决策。

If the announcement of the recovery of Hong Kong would bring about, as Madam put it, “disastrous effects,” we will face that disaster squarely and make a new policy decision.

9.重组法:

指在进行英译汉时,为了使译文流畅和更符合汉语叙事论理的习惯,在捋清英语长句的结构、弄懂英语原意的基础上,彻底摆脱原文语序和句子形式,对句子进行重新组合。如:

Decision must be made very rapidly physical endurance is tested as much as perception, because an enormous amount of time must be spent making certain that the key figures act on the basis of the same information and purpose.

必须把大量时间花在确保关键人物均根据同一情报和目的行事,而这一切对身体的耐力和思维能力都是一大考验。因此,一旦考虑成熟,决策者就应迅速做出决策。

10.综合法:

是指单用某种翻译技巧无法译出时,着眼篇章,以逻辑分析为基础,同时使用转换法、倒置法、增译法、省译法、拆句法等多种翻译技巧的方法。如:

 
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