神秘内容 Loading...

    This greeting is much newer than most people think. The use of hello as a greeting is only as old as the telephone. The first recorded use is from 1883. (来源:英语学习门户网站EnglishCN.com)

    It does, however, have earlier origins in other senses. It is a variant of hallo, which dates to 1840 and is a cry of surprise. That in turn is related to halloo, a cry to urge on hunting dogs. Halloo dates to about 1700, but a variant, aloo, appears in Shakespeare's King Lear a century earlier than that.

    And there is an even earlier variant, hollo, which dates to at least 1588 when Shakespeare used it in Titus Andronicus. There are also cognates in other Germanic languages.

    Hello was not a shoo-in for the telephone greeting either. It competed with several other options, including Alexander Graham Bell's suggestion of Ahoy, but pulled into an early lead and by the end of the 1880s was firmly ensconced.

    译:

    Hello 这个问候的历史比大多数人想象的都要短,它只与电话问世的时间差不多,最早出现在1883年。

    但是,它的起源的确还要更早一些,其前身是hallo,可追溯至1840年,那时意为因受惊而发出的叫喊声。而hallo则又与halloo有联系,Halloo乃指敦促猎狗时的叫声,其历史又可上溯至1700年。但是,在更早的一个世纪之前,莎士比亚所著的《李尔王》(King Lear)中就已经出现了另一个变形词aloo。

    更早的变形词还有hollo,早在1588年莎士比亚就在《泰特斯阿多洛力克斯》(Titus Andronicus)中提及,在日耳曼语言中还有其它的同源词。

    Hello 也并非打电话时的唯一问候用语,同时还有其它的几种说法,包括亚历山大格拉赫姆贝尔(Alexander Graham Bell)所提议的“喂” (Ahoy)。但是Hello被使用得较多,到了十九世纪八十年代末期,其用法得以固定。

 
神秘内容 Loading...

你可能对下面的文章也感兴趣:

·怎样起个好的英文名字
·英国爵位的头衔和誉称
·要知道:与“厕所”相关的英语
·“英语帝国主义”来了
·考考你:汉语中没法用英语翻译的词
·对比:中国式英语是一种尴尬还是一种娱乐(图)
·“中国姓氏”在英语国家遇到的尴尬
·India Summer 秋老虎
·英美文化差异 British and American Culture
·老外来中国:第一件事是学发名片

上一篇:世界著名游览胜地英文名  
下一篇:英文中的比喻用法
[推荐] [返回顶部] [打印本页] [关闭窗口]